Arunachaleswara Temple Thiruvannamalai
Specialities : General  
x Thiruvannamalai is a pilgrimage town and municipality in Thiruvannamalai district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the headquarters of the Thiruvannamalai district. Thiruvannamalai is home to the Annamalaiyar Temple located at the foot of the Annamalai hill and amongst one of the great Shiva Temples of Tamilnadu. Thiruvannamalai has long been associated with many yogis and siddhars, and more recently the 20th century guru Ramana Maharshi. The sanskrit name for Thiruvannaamalai - Arunachala - became known worldwide mostly due to Sri Ramana. The other saint being Swami Arunagiri Nathar who wrote the Thiruppugazh and Kandaralankaram in Tamil.

This holy temple at Tiruvannamalai lies at the foot of Arunachala hill and occupies a vast area of 24 acres of land , is the largest Siva temple in India, and smaller only to the Vishnu temple of Srirangam in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu. Arunachaleswara is said to be at least 2000 years old, with the gopurums (towers) and stone structure dating back 1200 years. This dating is from an inscription in the structure that was made during the reign of the Chola kings who ruled in the ninth century A.D.

The Arunachaleswara Temple has a 60m or 11 storied high sculptured gopurams. There are in total 9 gopurams of which four are in the middle of the walls. The larger one is called by the name of Raja gopuram. Thirumanjuna gopuram and pey Gopuram are to the north and south of the temple.

On entering the temple from the east, there is the Thousand pillar hall built by Chola king Krishna Deva Raya. The exactly 1000 pillars are inscripted with the sculptures of the Naik period. The mandapam where the deity is placed and worshiped is known as the Ani Thirumanjaram. The sacred tank or pool of ShivaGanga is towards the south of the Kambathu iiayanar mandapam with enclosed corridor.

The third mandapa has 16 pillars and it is from this mandapa that the Pancha Murthis or the five deities give darshan on the day of Kartigai. The sanctum is reached by the main entrance in the east. The Rudra baga is covered with gold plate. There is the Devi shrine to the opposite of the Mandapa.

The ancient religion Temples are of major source of significance for most of the Hindus which centres for religious activity and serve as forcus for social and cultural activities. The history, art and literature of Hindus are always rich of all the other reglions of India. Hindus believe in salvation which is promoted by the blessings of Shiva and Vishnu. A Hindu, believes in Dharma, which is a law that rules human society corrects duties and rebirth of each person as per his deeds. For a Hindu, janmam and Karmam in a caste are the reversible actions and duties, papams (sin) performed in the previous lives. For every good action or duty in this janma, fruits out equal good actions in next janma. This is what is called "Karma". The future birth is decided on the basis of what one is performed lawful, good work, humbleness with the Order and good karmas. He alone escapes from this who attains to final salvation, a state which liberates him from the obligation to be reborn on this earth. Exactly based on these rules and actions of an individual gods also have a different function. Based on the functions they fulfill each take different aspects and names.


Thiruvannamalai is so rich in history that it finds mention in ancient literature dating as far back as the year 100 BC. and legends around this monumental place tell stories from times as long back as human existence on this earth.The main temple is known to have existed for well over 2000 years, the massive temple complex that is visible today with impressive gopurams have a history of over 1200 years.

Significance : Panch Boodha Sthalams
Element- Agni
One of the 275 Siva Sthalams

Legend of this temple :

Once there was a dispute between Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu as to who was superior. Lord Shiva in order to put an end to this dispute appeared before them as fire in the shape of a glowing mountain. The two who were quarrelling did not realise who or what this 'mountain of fire' was. So they decided to search for the 'Aathi' (beginning) and the 'Antham' (end) of this 'Jothi' and whoever succeeded first would be declared the superior god.

Lord Brahma took the form of a swan and flew upwards in search of the beginning and Lord Vishnu took the form of a 'Varaha' (wild boar) and went burrowing in the earth in order to find the end. Each after flying high and borrowing low failed in his attempt to find the beginning or the end. Brahma did not want to concede defeat. While coming down he saw a petal of 'Thalampoo' floating in the air. He asked the flower to be his witness that he had seen the beginning. The flower agreed to his request. They arrived together and found Lord Vishnu and told Him that Brahma had seen the top and this flower 'Thalampoo' was the witness. At this juncture the 'Jothi' transformed itself as Lord Shiva and admonished Brahma for telling lies and the 'Thalampoo' for bearing false witness. He also decreed that no temples would be dedicated for Lord Brahma and that 'Thalampoo' should never be offered in worship. Brahma and Vishnu realising their mistake prayed to Lord Shiva to remain there as a 'Jothi lingam'.


Brahmotsavam celebrated in the Tamil month of Karthikai. Four Brahmotsavams are celebrated every year, the most famous of which is the one celebrated during the Tamil month of Karthigai (November/December). This ten day event culminates on the day of Karthigai Deepam and on that evening, a huge lamp is lit in a cauldron with three tons of ghee at the top of the Annamalai hill.

Giri valam : Every full moon night, tens of thousands of pilgrims worship by circumambulating the Arunachala hill barefoot. The circumambulation covers a distance of about 15km.

Chitra Powrnami (full moon) night in the Tamil calendar year, lakhs of pilgrims come from across the world to worship Him
Area : Thiruvannamalai
Bus Route :
Tiruvannamalai is situated 185 km from Chennai and 210 km from Bangalore. Saathanoor Dam across Thenpennai River is a tourist place near Thiruvannamalai. The height of the Arunachala hill is approximately 1,600 feet.
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1oyebode emmanuekOn 14/06/2010
please i will love to be an hindu worshipper and have the hindu power to enable me to be successful in life...please what do i do???
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